5. Mercy is not getting what we do deserve. ii. For this very purpose I have raised you up: God allowed Pharaoh in the days of Moses to rise to power so that God could show the strength of His judgment against Pharaoh, and thereby glorify Himself. c. That the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works but of Him who calls: So we do not think that God chose Jacob over Esau because He knew their works in advance, Paul points out that it was not of works. It was only by the mercy of God that they survived at all. Paul rejects this view and points out that God does what he wills.” (Morris). Epistle to the Romans Chapter 9 So, everything is good and happy now, right? Instead, he places the responsibility with Israel: Because they did not seek it by faith… they stumbled at that stumbling stone. Isaac stands for the children of the promise and Ishmael stands for the children of the flesh. Yet now, if You will forgive their sin; but if not, I pray, blot me out of Your book which You have written.”. For I could wish that I myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my countrymen according to the flesh, who are Israelites, to whom pertain the adoption, the glory, the covenants, the giving of the law, the service of God, and the promises; of whom are the fathers and from whom, according to the flesh, Christ came, who is over all, the eternally blessed God. | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | Sitemap. This puts Paul in a real pickle. Indeed, O man, who are you to reply against God? Paul begins by warning of the consequences of unbelief in chapter 1; warning that all men are guilty under the Law (Ch.3:23), and so needing redemption through faith in Christ. Instead, the reason for choosing was found in Him who calls. If it would do any good, Paul would gladly be condemned in order to save his brethren who had been the recipients of so many blessings (3-5). b. Sorrow and continual grief: Paul feels this because he considers a people who seem to be separated from God’s love – unbelieving Israel, who rejected God’s Messiah. For our limited reason does not grasp it, as the child cannot comprehend the courage of warriors!” (Bengel). c. He hardens: We know that Pharaoh did harden his own heart, according to Exodus 7:13, 7:22, 8:15, 8:19, 8:32, 9:7, and 9:34. Because the LORD will make a short work upon the earth.”, “Unless the LORD of Sabaoth had left us a seed, What does it say about, I have great sorrow and continual grief in my heart, I tell the truth in Christ, I am not lying, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Spirit, I could wish that I myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, The adoption, the glory, the covenants, the giving of the law, the services of God, and the promises, Of whom are the fathers and from whom, according to the flesh, Christ came, Christ… who is over all, the eternally blessed God, Amen, i. Wuest, quoting Robertson: “[This is a] clear statement of the deity of Christ following the remark about His humanity. (25-26) The prophet Hosea (in Hosea 2:23 and 1:10) declares God’s right to choose, calling those who previously were not called His people. i. 2. 3 For I could wish that I myself were cursed and cut off from Christ for the sake of my people, those of my own race, 4 the people of Israel. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. Romans 9:27-29. Chapter 9 brings a slight shift in focus to the Book of Romans. Romans 9:6 Now the Lord introduces us to the mystery of the “remnant.” Without some understanding of this very deep and profound mystery it would be impossible for us to make sense of God’s dealing with Israel and even with the church for that matter. That Gentiles, who did not pursue righteousness, have attained to righteousness, even the righteousness of faith; but Israel, pursuing the law of righteousness, has not attained to the law of righteousness. Those who prefer a punctuation that says otherwise impose their preconceived views on the text. e. Christ… who is over all, the eternally blessed God, Amen: This is one of Paul’s clear statements that Jesus is God. i. This is a summary of the ninth chapter of Romans, the most important verse, and what I think God is wanting us to do in response to it. Why did the unlikely Gentiles find righteousness, when the likely Jews did not? You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. We may request cookies to be set on your device. Yet he still loved them this passionately. All in all, we see that Esau was a blessed man (Genesis 33:8-16, Genesis 36). But Israel… has not attained to the law of righteousness: By all appearances Israel seemed to work for the righteousness of God with everything it had, but did not find it. Romans 9:1-5. He might make known the riches of His glory on the vessels of mercy: As well, if God desires to be more than fair with others, showing them His mercy, who can oppose Him? iii. If God is obliged to show mercy, then it is not mercy – it is obligation. c. Does not the potter have power over the clay: Does not God have the same right that any Creator has over his creation? a. Romans 12.17-21. He will always preserve His remnant. Lesser things did not trouble him because he was troubled by a great thing – the souls of men. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. For this is the word of promise: “At this time I will come and Sarah shall have a son.”. (25-29) The falling short of the Jews is owing to their seeking justification, not by faith, but by the … We should not think that Paul merely uses a dramatic metaphor here. For who has resisted His will?” Paul imagines someone asking, “If it is all a matter of God’s choice, then how can God find fault with me? Therefore He has mercy on whom He wills, and whom He wills He hardens: Sometimes God will glorify Himself through showing mercy; sometimes God will glorify Himself through a man’s hardness. And her beloved, who was not beloved.” Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. i. Romans 9—Children of the Promise through Faith in Christ Romans 9 teaches us that it is not natural children that are God’s children, but rather children of the promise. Chapter 9 brings a slight shift in focus to the Book of Romans. Of course Paul also shows the heart of Jesus, who was cursed on behalf of others that they might be saved (Galatians 3:13). “Get love for the souls of men – then you will not be whining about a dead dog, or a sick cat, or about the crotchets of a family, and the little disturbances that John and Mary may make by their idle talk. a. The suffering of God’s people at the hands of the Assyrians and others would make them feel as if they would certainly be destroyed. A chapter by chapter and verse by verse study of Romans taught by Pastor Paul LeBoutillier of Calvary Chapel Ontario, Oregon. Introduction If Romans 8 has the distinction of being the high-water mark of the New Testament, chapter 9 has the dubious honor of teaching one of the most emotionally volatile doctrines of all the Bible, that of election. i. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. For He says to Moses, “I will have mercy on whomever I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whomever I will have compassion.” So then it is not of him who wills, nor of him who runs, but of God who shows mercy. This quotation from Isaiah 1:9 shows that as bad as Judah’s state was because of their sin, it could have been worse. “Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, Will the thing formed say to him who formed it, “Why have you made me like this?” Does not the potter have power over the clay, from the same lump to make one vessel for honor and another for dishonor? He had in the beginning of this letter ( Romans 1:16 Romans 1:17) shown that the gospel was God's power of salvation . (22-24) Doesn’t God have the right to glorify Himself as He sees fit? Now, in Romans 9 through 11, Paul deals with the problem associated with the condition of Israel. This great passion for souls gave Paul perspective. This is something that really bothered Paul and was on his heart. God clearly explains His right to give mercy to whomever He pleases in Exodus 33:19. b. I will have mercy on whomever I will have mercy: Remember what mercy is. God hated Esau in regard to inheriting the covenant, not in regard to blessing in this life or the next. b. The promise comes through faith in Christ not by works of the Law. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. No; God has not failed His children of promise. Morris cites examples where hate clearly seems to mean something like “loved less” (Genesis 29:31, 33; Deuteronomy 21:15; Matthew 6:24; Luke 14:26; John 12:25). But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. Paul answers this question strongly: Certainly not! Israel not only gave us the great fathers of the Old Testament, but Jesus Himself came from Israel. (14-24) This sovereignty is in God's dealing both with Jews and Gentiles. a. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. And, as always, he gives full credit for every good thing to his Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. We might not understand it as easily, but God’s choice is just as valid. Usually it is because they have an idea about what it says, and they don’t like that idea. Not yet being born, nor having done any good or evil, That the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works but of Him who calls, Jacob I have loved, but Esau I have hated, v. Our greatest error in considering the choices of God is to think that God chooses for arbitrary reasons, as if He chooses in an “eeny-meeny-miny-moe” way. i. How can anyone go against God’s choice?”. 7. What if God, wanting to show His wrath and to make His power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath prepared for destruction, and that He might make known the riches of His glory on the vessels of mercy, which He had prepared beforehand for glory, even us whom He called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles? You can check these in your browser security settings. b. This is the natural and obvious way of punctuating the sentence. The Jews who seem to be cast off from God tried to justify themselves before God by performing works according to the law of righteousness. b. What if God: Again, the same principle from God’s dealing with Pharaoh is repeated. b. But “He does not so much as bother to indicate that Pharaoh hardened his own heart, an evidence of unbelief and rebellion, because he is emphasizing the freedom of God’s action in all cases.” (Harrison). Those vessels do an adequate job on their own. Paul’s desire to visit Rome. He has a plan and a reason. We would have become like Sodom, For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my kinsmen according to … One day Israel will be restored and once again be called sons of the living God. Therefore, if God declares that we have an eternal responsibility before Him, then it is so. I will have mercy on whomever I will have mercy, ii. Paul says he himself is willing to be separated from Jesus if that could somehow accomplish the salvation of Israel. ii. Paul’s Anguish Over Israel. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. To understand the reasoning of this chapter, the reader must keep in mind the aim of the apostle. iii. Your email address will not be published. What does this say about God? b. God has always dealt with a remnant. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. It the longest and the most famous of all the Apostle’s writings to Christians at Rome whom he hoped soon to visit. . For they stumbled at that stumbling stone. What does it mean that Israel has missed its Messiah? Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. The merciful promise is clear: “But if only a remnant will survive, at least a remnant will survive, and constitute the hope of restoration.” (Bruce). Is there unrighteousness with God? We should remember that when it came to ministry, the Jews were Paul’s worst enemies. a. Because they did not seek it by faith, but as it were, by the works of the law. Now, in Romans 9 through Romans 11, Paul deals with the problem associated with the condition of Israel. 1 I speak the truth in Christ--I am not lying, my conscience confirms it through the Holy Spirit-- 2 I have great sorrow and unceasing anguish in my heart. This entire spiritual legacy makes Israel’s unbelief all the more problematic. b. c. I tell the truth in Christ, I am not lying, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Spirit: Paul uses every possible assurance to declare his great sorrow over Israel. In Romans chapters one through eight, Paul thoroughly convinced us about man’s need and God’s glorious provision in Jesus Christ through the Holy Spirit. The question goes something like this: How can I be secure in God’s love and salvation to me when it seems that Israel was once loved and saved, but now seems to be rejected and cursed? You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. And not only this, but when Rebecca also had conceived by one man, even by our father Isaac (for the children not yet being born, nor having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works but of Him who calls), it was said to her, “The older shall serve the younger.” As it is written, “Jacob I have loved, but Esau I have hated.”. Summary of Romans 9, 10 and 11: The apostle Paul is not sorrowful because the Word of God is being nullified by Jewish unbelief (for in fact the Scripture is being fulfilled by their unbelief, as God is revealing His elective purposes in the salvation of the Gentiles and the stumbling of the Jews), but he is sorrowful for the Jewish people themselves, the seed of Abraham, because they are lost, and he … This website, kind-hearted Pharaoh to be living sacrifices in view of the pursued! 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